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Is This The Beginning Of The End For The UK Headline?

Online Journalism Blog - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:56

Until recently a journalism trainer in the UK could safely berate a trainee for Writing Headlines Where Every Word Began With A Capital.

It is a style of headline writing common in US publications, but non-existent in the UK, where newspapers have traditionally fit into one of two camps: the SHOUTY SHOUTY REDTOPS and the broadsheets who Only make the first letter uppercase unless there’s a proper noun.

(The mid-markets, as might be expected, took the best of both worlds, reserving shouting for the front pages and lower case for the inside pages).

So a journalism trainee who Wrote Like This had likely never paid much attention to newspapers, or only when they appeared in Hollywood films.

Or perhaps they just read Guido Fawkes, who, for whatever reason appears to have followed the Hollywood style of headline writing:

Guido Fawkes’s headlines adhere to the US style

 

The British headline style has carried through into UK papers’ websites, even while their audience became more US-based.

But today’s announcement that The Guardian will use US spelling when referring to American institutions suggests the start of a change:

“The old argument that “the Guardian is a British newspaper so we use British spellings” has served us well but no longer holds; we remain a British newspaper but one with many more readers outside the UK, especially in the United States.”

 

And already in the UK British journalists are now writing American-style headlines, for the UK satellites of US brands. Like Huffington Post UK:

 

And Buzzfeed UK:

 

So we can no longer assume British journalists will be writing for British publications in a British style.

Of course it may not be long before news websites adopt responsive design which corrects spelling based on the location of whoever is reading it: so an American will read about “the color gray”, and an Australian will read about “the colour grey”.

That’s my little pipe dream. But in the meantime, journalists will just have to do what they’re told.


Filed under: online journalism Tagged: BuzzFeed, capitals, Guardian, guido fawkes, headlines, huffington post, style, UK spelling, US spelling
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Betaalde televisiediensten gaan explosief groeien

Villamedia Nieuws - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:41
De markt voor betaalde televisiediensten zoals Netflix gaat de komende jaren bijna verdubbelen. Dat voorspelt het Amerikaanse marktbureau Campbell. De zogenoemde over the top-televisiediensten (diensten die uitsluitend gebruikmaken van breedband)…
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Morocco - RWB's recommendations on Morocco's media reform bills

Reporters Without Borders - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:26

Reporters Without Borders has given the Moroccan communication ministry a memo with its initial recommendations on three media bills that parliament is to begin debating soon. RWB submitted the memo to the communication ministry on 15 November, the second day of a two-day international conference on media freedom that it attended in Rabat. The conference was organized by the Centre for Social Science and Research. The memo welcomes some of the bills' provisions, especially the proposed abolition of prison sentences for media offences, which is the most significant measure. But it stresses the need to amend the bills to bring them into line with international standards on freedom of information.

The communication ministry unveiled the three bills – on “press and publishing,” the “status of professional journalists” and the “National Press Council” – on 18 October.

Reporters Without Borders hails the fact that the government is finally reforming Morocco's media legislation, something it promised to do after the constitutional referendum in 2011. RWB has repeatedly stressed the need for legislative reforms that fully guarantee freedom of information.

The provisions on the confidentiality of journalists' sources and defamation actions also represent a big step forward but they need to be strengthened and made more specific in order to be effective guarantees.

Other provisions need to be thoroughly overhauled so that they do not constitute new obstacles to freedom of information in Morocco, especially the provisions on electronic media, procedures for seizing publications and closing websites.

Finally the long-awaiting reform of the system of “red lines,” forbidding coverage of the monarchy, Islam and territorial issues, has not materialized.

The communication minister said he would be ready to amend certain provisions and to take of account of the observations of the various organizations and participants at the conference.

RWB recommends that the government should:

  • Open and pursue a process of consultation on the bills
  • Begin a proper process of consulting and informing journalists and civil society about the creation of a system of media self-regulation or co-regulation with an independent body
  • Explicitly guarantee online freedom of information
  • Rule out the need for any form of permission to post content online
  • Expand the definition of journalists so that it complies with international standards
  • Drop regulations specifically targeting foreign journalists and publications
  • Dedicate an article to the specific protection of journalists' sources and ensure that the legislation provides effective protection
  • Guarantee a real right of access to information in line with international standards
  • Establish a real mechanism for protecting journalists, above all by incorporating provisions into the proposed legislation that make it a specific criminal offence to attack journalists and make it an offence for public officials to obstruct freedom of information, and by creating mechanisms for preventing attacks.
  • Eliminate articles under which defaming certain officials, public figures and state institutions are penalized with more severity
  • Include full provision for absolving journalists of responsibility in defamation cases if they can show they acted in good faith
  • Eliminate increased penalties for second or subsequent press offences
  • Eliminate the offences of insulting the king or religions, and the ban on articles that question Morocco's territorial integrity
  • Guarantee the principle of proportionality of sanctions and limit recourse to website blocking, publication bans and publication seizures.
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Want to cover Will and Kate? Fill out an application, and don’t wear jeans

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:23

Prince William and Kate Middleton will visit the U.S. Dec. 7-9. U.S. journalists who wish to cover the event have till 11:59 Friday to submit an application for credentials.

The royal visit will mostly be confined to New York, though the Duke of Cambridge will spend a little time in D.C. at the World Bank.

Look how nicely these people are dressed. Now look at yourself. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Hadas Gold reported Thursday that Buckingham Palace requires aspiring royal-watcher journalists to dress up:

“Smart attire for men includes the wearing of a jacket and tie, and for women a trouser or skirt suit. Those wearing jeans or trainers will not be admitted and casually dressed members of the media will be turned away. This also applies to technicians.”

Read more
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

U.S. companies supply eavesdropping gear to Central Asian autocrats

Public Integrity - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:15

American companies are supplying technology that the governments of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are using to spy on their citizens’ communications and clamp down on dissent, according to a new report from the U.K.-based advocacy group Privacy International.

Verint Systems, a manufacturer of surveillance systems headquartered in Melville, N.Y., has sold software and hardware to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan that is capable of mass interception of telephone, mobile, and Internet networks, the group alleged in its Nov. 20 report. It also provided the training and technical support needed to run them, the report said. 

Verint, which claims customers in 180 nations, in turn sought decryption technology made by a firm in California, Netronome, as it helped the Uzbek government attempt to crack the encryption used by Gmail, Facebook, and other popular sites, according to the report. 

The report’s overall message is that countries in Central Asia — including also Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan — regarded as among the world’s most autocratic are getting Western help to install, on a much smaller scale, some of the same advanced mass interception techniques that Edward Snowden revealed are used by the National Security Agency. 

Those acquisitions have been facilitated in part by loose export controls over surveillance technology. To be subject to U.S. export restrictions, products must appear on a Commerce Department control list — and the key components of the surveillance products described in the Privacy International report do not appear to be on those lists, according to report co-author Edin Omanovic. 

Products that can lay the foundation for mass surveillance are not restricted by special export controls if they are sold in an off-the-shelf, unaltered state, according to Eva Galperin, a global policy analyst at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a non-profit digital rights foundation.

While many of the group’s sources are not listed in the report, and its claims therefore cannot all be confirmed, the report says that staff members interviewed activists in the region who recounted that transcripts of their private communications were used to convict and imprison them on charges of conspiracy. 

Recent U.S. State Department reports for Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan describe a pattern of state-sponsored torture, inhumane treatment of prisoners, arbitrary arrest, and limited civil liberties in both countries. The State Department’s report on Uzbekistan specifically accused authorities there of detaining and prosecuting activists and journalists for politically motivated reasons. In the Kazakhstan report, “severe limits on citizens’ rights to change their government” was listed as a significant human rights problem. 

Kathleen Sowers, an assistant to the general manager of Verint Systems, said in a telephone conversation on Nov. 20 that all of the company’s senior personnel were traveling and could not be reached for comment. Netronome spokeswoman Jennifer Mendola said in an email that the company had “no information on the matter” described in the Privacy International report. The company complies with all applicable laws of the United States and every other jurisdiction in which it operates, and “does not condone any violation of human rights or personal privacy,” she added. 

Privacy International, a 24-year-old registered charity in the United Kingdom, publishes investigations and studies about digital privacy. It has challenged the legality of Britain’s spy agency using information obtained from the U.S. National Security Agency’s PRISM surveillance program to conduct mass surveillance of British citizens.

Several of the firms alleged to have exported snooping gear to the region have Israeli connections. Verint’s exports, for example, were dispatched by its Israeli subsidiary, according to the report. According to Omanovic, multiple sources had told his group that the transfers had been approved by the Israeli government. Israel and Kazakhstan signed an agreement for defense trade and cooperation at the beginning of 2014. A spokesman at the Israeli embassy in Washington did not have any immediate comment. 

The report also said the Israeli firm NICE Systems has supplied monitoring systems with mass surveillance capabilities to the Kazakh and Uzbek regimes. Erik Snyder, NICE’s director of Corporate Communications, told the group in response that NICE provides law enforcement agencies and intelligence organizations with solutions for lawful communication interception, collection, processing, and analysis, but that it “does not operate these systems, and has no access to the information gathered.” 

Some of the U.S. companies named in the report allegedly provided the Central Asian governments with technology that has less controversial purposes. Sunnyvale, Ca.-based Juniper Networks manufactured broadband equipment that Kazakhstan has been using to transmit data, according to the report, and a surveillance system that actively monitors internet users is now operating from that equipment. But the report makes no claim about Juniper’s complicity in surveillance. Juniper spokeswoman Danielle Hamel said she would look into the claim but then did not respond further. 

The sole international agreement that includes regulations for the export of mass surveillance technologies — known as the Wassenaar arrangement — is non-binding on its 41 signatories. Israel is not a signatory, but says it uses Wassenaar’s control list as a guide, according to Privacy International’s Omanovic. 

In October 2014, the European Commission amended its export controls to impose extra licensing requirements on monitoring and interception technologies. But the U.S. has not enacted its own controls on such exports.

Rep. Chris Smith, R-N.J., has introduced several versions of a bill entitled “The Global Online Freedom Act,” meant to “prevent United States businesses from cooperating with repressive governments in transforming the Internet into a tool of censorship and surveillance.” But he has not been able to get the bill approved even by the subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights and International Organizations that he chairs.

Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Scotland gets a pro-independence newspaper

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:10

The Guardian

The National, Scotland’s first explicitly pro-indepence newspaper, will launch Monday, Mark Sweney reports in The Guardian. Gannett subsidiary Newsquest will publish the paper, which Glasgow Sunday Herald Editor Richard Walker will also edit.

The Sunday Herald was the only Scottish paper to support independence, and it saw sales go up dramatically in the runup to the country’s ultimately doomed referendum.

Sweney says a “source with knowledge of the launch said the title sounded ‘very i-like’, a reference to the Independent’s cut-price spinoff, which has a skeleton staff and relies on its stablemate for most resources and content.”

Read more
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Why I have a problem with Google’s crowdfunding tool Contributor – a tweet story

Online Journalism Blog - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:09

I have 2 problems with Google's crowdfunding tool Contributor: 1) it allows Google to collect data on what we read https://t.co/OawNbMnH8Q

— Paul Bradshaw (@paulbradshaw) November 21, 2014

Problem 2: it's only open to publishers (not journalists) in Google's 'club'

— Paul Bradshaw (@paulbradshaw) November 21, 2014

Also (they may correct this): users have no control over the metric: a shallow article is rewarded equally to a deep one

— Paul Bradshaw (@paulbradshaw) November 21, 2014

@krelnik @dangillmor 1) but to pay we need to connect behaviour with 'real' identity (not just cookie). AdSense may not have that.

— Paul Bradshaw (@paulbradshaw) November 21, 2014

@krelnik @dangillmor 2) agreed. But speaking for now… (likewise the metrics)

— Paul Bradshaw (@paulbradshaw) November 21, 2014


Filed under: online journalism

Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Career Beat: Dan Lyons named editor-in-chief at Valleywag

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 15:00

Good morning! Here are some career updates from the journalism community:

  • Dan Lyons is now editor-in-chief at Valleywag. Previously, he was a marketing fellow at HubSpot. (Re/code)
  • Rachel Racusen will be vice president of communications at MSNBC. Previously, she was associate communications director for the White House. (Playbook)
  • Jeff Fager will be an executive producer at “60 Minutes”. Previously, he was chairman of CBS News. (Politico)
  • Nitasha Tiku is now a west coast senior writer at The Verge. Previously, she was editor-in-chief of Valleywag. (Business Insider)
  • Jason Kravarik is now a producer at CNN. Previously, he was assistant news director at KOIN in Portland, Oregon. (TV Spy)

Job of the day: The Rockford (Illinois) Register Star is looking for an editor. Get your résumés in! (Journalism Jobs)

Send Ben your job moves: bmullin@poynter.org

Read more
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

#FollowFriday: ruimte en ruimtevaart

Villamedia Nieuws - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:57
Wie op de hoogte wil blijven van het laatste nieuws, houdt Twitter in de gaten. Met enige regelmaat vertelt Villamedia op vrijdag wie je moet volgen binnen een bepaald onderwerp of genre. Deze week: journalisten die alles weten van de ruimte of de…
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Fusion tracks news orgs that use term ‘illegal immigrant’

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:55

Fusion

Despite “all the good reasons not to use” the term illegal immigrant, “it is still very easy to find in the US press, even in headlines,” Felix Salmon writes. He lists news orgs that make a point of not using it (AP, the Los Angeles Times, BuzzFeed), those that have an “It’s complicated” relationship with the term (The New York Times, Newsweek, Bloomberg News) and those that prefer it (The Wall Street Journal, Reuters).

Here are a couple more that eschew it:

When AP stopped using the term, Executive Editor Kathleen Carroll told Poynter it was because “It’s kind of a lazy device that those of use who type for a living can become overly reliant on as a shortcut. It ends up pigeonholing people or creating long descriptive titles where you use some main event in someone’s life to become the modifier before their name.”

“No major publication has started using it again after a period where it was banned,” Salmon writes. Read more

Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Push for Parity: What do women in leadership need next? Courage.

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:50

This essay is the fifth in our Push For Parity essay series, featuring stories about women in leadership in journalism. For more on our series and details about how you can contribute, see Kelly McBride’s essay introducing the project. Poynter and ONA have also announced a tuition-free women’s leadership academy.

What do we need in order to push forward leadership from women at news organizations?

Courage.

Courage, persistence, and a calm sense of expectation.

There is nothing whatsoever left to discuss in the matter. All the issues have been thoroughly discussed in the last 50 years. We know that many of us need flexibility at a certain moment of our careers. We know we need recognition of our competence, abilities, accomplishments and ambition. We no longer need to prove that leadership from women adds dimension, credibility and authenticity to news coverage. It has been proven. We no longer need to fill the pipeline. Read more

Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Springer sluit deal met universiteiten

Villamedia Nieuws - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:46
Springer heeft donderdagavond een deal gesloten met veertien Nederlandse universiteiten, die als gevolg van die deal hun onderzoeksartikelen gratis mogen publiceren in uitingen van de Duitse uitgever. Naast verschijning in reguliere tijdschriften,…
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Need a helping hand? Crowdfunding platforms for journalists

Journalism.co.uk - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:39
We all know Kickstarter, but what are some of the specialised platforms out there that could help journalists fund their projects?
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

NYT edges closer to layoffs

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:36

Good morning. Almost there. Here are 10 media stories.

  1. NYT may have layoffs, after all

    A memo from Janet Elder says the news org may not have enough buyout applications to forgo layoffs. "Early efforts to handicap the outcome regrettably point to having to do some layoffs." Also, if you take the buyout, MOMA will not let you in for free anymore. (Mother Jones) | Last month Keith J. Kelly reported that more than 300 people had filed buyout applications, but many were "just securing their rights and checking it out," Guild unit rep Grant Glickson said. (NY Post) | Floyd Norris is taking the buyout. (Talking Biz News) | More N.Y. Guild news: Eight Guild members who worked at Reuters' Insider video project are losing their jobs. (The Newspaper Guild of New York) | Time Inc. has declared it's at an "impasse" with the union and "can begin unilaterally imposing many of the terms, including the right to farm out up to 60 full-time jobs while slashing vacation and medical benefits and eliminating voluntary buyout provisions from future layoffs." The Guild has asked the NLRB to investigate.

Read more
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Today in Media History: Before digital recording there was Edison and his 1877 phonograph

Poynter Top Stories - vr, 21/11/2014 - 14:00

The digital recorders we use today can trace their history back to the 1870s. There were a number of inventors who built the foundation of audio technology, but one stands out.

On this date in 1877 Thomas Edison introduced his phonograph. The device was unique because it could both record and play sound.

What were his historic first words on the new machine? The original recording no longer exists, but he supposedly said hello, then read the poem “Mary Had a Little Lamb,” and ended with “ha ha.”

In 1940 actor Spencer Tracy gave us an idea of what Edison’s first recording was like.

The following 1933 newsreel features someone who worked with Edison and heard his historic “hello” and “ha.”

“In the end, they named it the phonograph. But it might have been called the omphlegraph, meaning ‘voice writer.’ Or the antiphone (back talker). Or the didasko phone (portable teacher).

Read more
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Staatssecretaris Sleurs (N-VA) wil collaboratiedossiers openbaar maken

Apache.be - vr, 21/11/2014 - 12:02
Collaboratiedossiers zullen in de toekomst openbaar toegankelijk zijn. Dat is alleszins de ambitie van staatssecretaris voor wetenschapsbeleid Elke Sleurs (N-VA). Dossiers uit de meest delicate en omstreden periode uit de Belgische geschiedenis zijn tot vandaag niet toegankelijk voor het publiek om "de openbare orde niet te verstoren". Sleurs moet wel nog het fiat krijgen van minister van Justitie Koen Geens (CD&V).
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Uncovering Asia: Designing a Muckraker’s Conference

Global Investigative Journalism Network - vr, 21/11/2014 - 11:29

Uncovering Asia -- the region's first investigative journalism conference -- starts this Saturday evening in Manila. GIJN and its partners have been working for months on the event, which now is set to bring together 300 journalists from Japan to Pakistan.

Now, every great conference needs tote bags, notebooks, and pens, of course. But check out the job that our local host -- the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism -- did for Uncovering Asia. These may be too nice to give away...

The printed conference schedule is worth a closer look:

Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Juridische actie tegen Britse politie

Villamedia Nieuws - vr, 21/11/2014 - 11:18
Zes Britse journalisten ondernemen juridische stappen tegen Scotland Yard nadat aan het licht kwam dat de politie de professionele activiteiten van de zes bijhield in een geheime database. Het hoofdbureau van de Britse politie deed dat om extremisten…
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

Changes at FT to promote thinking 'in digital terms'

Journalism.co.uk - vr, 21/11/2014 - 10:53
Editor Lionel Barber says changes are planned for next year to reflect the importance of multimedia journalism
Categorieën: Extern nieuws

90 procent Nederlanders gebruikt Google

Villamedia Nieuws - vr, 21/11/2014 - 10:40
Google is nog altijd veruit de populairste zoekmachine onder Nederlanders. Van alle internetters in ons land gebruikt 90 procent de zoekmachine met enige regelmaat. Dat blijkt uit onderzoek (PDF)…
Categorieën: Extern nieuws
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